ADHD is a mental disorder that is categorized as a neurodevelopmental type. It is estimated that there are more than 6.4 million children between the ages of 14-17 that suffer from this issue. The condition was first discovered in 1902 by George Still. At this time it was named “mental restlessness.” Physicians really jumped on the ADHD diagnostic bandwagon in 1990’s. Today, one in ten are diagnosed with ADHD and many will fight the problems with their attention and hyperactivity for life.
What is ADHD?
ADHD is a condition that is hard to understand, even for the medical community. They have found that the person who suffers from this condition has a brain that is 5-10 percent smaller than a normal brain. There are also chemical abnormalities that cannot be ignored. Low birth weight and injuries to the brain during delivery may also have something to do with this condition. Parents who smoke or took illegal substances have a higher rate of producing an ADHD child than those who do not.
Symptoms of ADHD
The symptoms of ADHD are pretty hard to deny. They are identifiable by the inability to focus on any task, general hyperactivity issues, impulse control problems, rapidly switching from one task to another, and the inability to complete most tasks. The ADHD child may have a hard time making and keeping friendships due to their inability to concentrate on anything for a long period of time. Children who are undiagnosed may have problems when they go to school. Teachers often have a hard time with these children due to their inability to sit still and focus. Rarely, ADHD is diagnosed in adults too. This is especially true when children were not properly diagnosed before the 1990’s. Not much was known about ADHD until the late 80’s and early 90’s. ADHD is a lifelong condition for some children, though some do tend to grow out of it.
The treatment of ADHD is split into two categories. First, the most popular way to treat this condition is through the use of stimulant medications. These medications are meant to speed up the brain, and they cause those who are sluggish and lack the energy to function. It works just the opposite in the brain of the one suffering with ADHD. There are chemical abnormalities in the brain that respond to these drugs. It calms them and allows them to be able to focus.
Another option for treating this condition is through diet. There have been some studies that have shown that red dye and other foods can have a big impact on the ADHD brain. Some parents may try a bit of both types of therapies until they find the drug or combination of medications and diet that works best.